Lab Resources


Dr. Krishnan directs the Neuromuscular & Rehabilitation Robotics Laboratory (NeuRRo Lab) at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor campus. NeuRRo Labs’s focus is to elucidate the neurobiological processes that drive plasticity and recovery after an injury to neuromusculoskeletal system and develop new interventions to mitigate neuromotor impairments. The NeuRRo Lab (~1000 sq. ft.) is located at two places on campus – One at 325 E Eisenhower Parkway where the Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Department is located and the other in the Medical Rehabilitation Clinical Facility where physical and occupational therapy services are provided.


NeuRRo Lab: The NeuRRo Lab consists of a Strength and Neuromuscular Assessment Room (477 sq. ft.) and a Robotics Research Room (550 sq. ft.). The NeuRRo lab houses:

  • A Biodex Strength Testing System (Pro 4) for use in strength testing and rehabilitation
  • Magstim Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Units with a Bistim connecting module for cortical and neuromuscular plasticity assessment
  • A 28 Channel (16 EMG, 4 Auxiliary, and 8 event) Motion Labs EMG system (MA-300 28)
  • A high voltage constant current Peripheral Nerve and Muscle Electrical Stimulator (Digitimer – DS7AH)
  • A high power constant voltage Transcranial Electrical Stimulator (Digitimer – D185)
  • portable Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation units (EMPI Dupel and Soterix Medical)
  • Mobility Lab Portable Gait and Balance Analysis System (APDM)
  • An AIR300 Pneumatic Leg Extension Device (Keiser)
  • An AIR300 Leg Press Device (Keiser)
  • A Pneumatic Air Compressor System (Keiser)
  • High Definition Cameras and Myomotion software to perform kinematic analysis
  • Cintiq 24HD interactive pen display for processing imaging data (Wacom)
  • Treadmills (Woodway)
  • Several National Instruments Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning Modules
  • Several Dell workstations, monitors, and software, and access to printers and office supplies.

Apart from these resources the NeuRRo Lab has full access to the Lokomat Robotic Gait System with advanced controllers (Hocoma) located in the Med Rehab Facility.


Computer: Computer workstations in the NeuRRo Lab include 5 Dell personal computers and a laser printer. Software includes SPSS, Adobe Acrobat, Sigmaplot, Endnote, LabVIEW, Poser, and Microsoft Office Professional.


Office: Individual office space is available for Dr. Krishnan (approximately 120 sq. ft.) in the Burlington Building. The office contains a laptop and a desktop personal computer and sufficient filing space for project materials. There are also shared printer, fax, and copy machines available.